PSY 330 - Spring 2002
Multiple Choice: Circle the letter corresponding to the single most correct answer (@ 1 point).
[NOTE: Answers to the multiple choice questions can be found at the end of this test.]
Katie and John are in the same accounting class, they live in the same
wing of their dormitory, and they usually both study at the campus coffee house
in the morning before class. Over
time, Katie and Jon become attracted to each other.
What force is most likely at work here?
According to the authors, the greatest amount of research supports the
notion of ______________ over the notion of _____________
mere exposure; similarity
Perhaps the most crucial determinant of whether we like someone is
whether he or she likes us. This
best illustrates the power of
Research has found that there is agreement across cultures in what
constitutes an attractive face; that infants prefer photographs of attractive
faces to unattractive ones and that they prefer the same faces that adults do;
and that statistically average faces tend to be seen as attractive.
Theses findings provide support for a ____________ interpretation of the
importance of physical attractiveness.
Brian does not know anything about Sally except that she is very
attractive. Based on research
discussed in your text, Brian is most likely to make the attribution that
intelligent and honest
empathetic and caring
dominant and successful in her career
sociable and extraverted
Jeremy is about to go on a blind date set up by his friend Justin.
Justin gave Jeremy a picture of Carol, his potential date, and she is
very attractive. Jeremy is about to
call Carol to make arrangements for the date and to get to know her a little
better. Which of the following is
most likely to occur, according to the experiment discussed in your text.
Jeremy will like Carol after talking to her, but only if she is
attractive in reality
Carol doesn’t think she’s attractive, she will withdraw throughout the phone
conversation despite Jeremy’s friendliness
matter what Carol really looks like, she will be judged as more attractive and
confident by a third person listening in on the party line
matter what Carol really looks like, Jeremy will like her, but a third party
listening in on the party line will judge her according to how she really looks
When people first recall falling in love, what variables are recalled
with most frequency?
similarity and propinquity
complementarity and physical attractiveness
similarity and physical attractiveness
reciprocal liking and physical attractiveness
Claire and Matt and involved in a romantic relationship.
Matt has recently given Claire a gold bracelet.
Because there was no special occasion, Claire now feels the need to
reciprocate the gift. The
__________ theory of relationships is most applicable in this case
comparison level for alternatives
Research on the evolutionary explanation of love finds that
men are more jealous than women
women are more jealous than men
are more upset by sexual infidelity and women are more upset by emotional
are more upset by sexual infidelity and men and more upset by emotional
What is the single best predictor of how well ex-partners cope in the
aftermath of the dissolution of their relationship?
number of available alternatives
whether or not they remain friends
role they played in the decision to break up
Julianna likes to contribute to worthy charities because she can help
others and, at the same time, get a tax deduction.
Julianna is engaging in
A giant tornado is bearing down on Dorothy’s farmhouse.
She only has time to help one other resident.
According to evolutionary theory whom will Dorothy take with her to the
her beloved dog, Toto
her grandmother, Margaret
her favorite farm hand, Ray
One consequence of living by the Golden Rule, “Do unto others as you
would have them do unto you,” is that if you help those in need, they might return the
favor someday. This idea is best
norm of obedience
informational social influence
norm of reciprocity
normative social influence
“Put yourself in my position,” Janice
whines. “Can’t you spare an hour to help me out?”
Janice is attempting to evoke _____________ when trying to persuade you
to help her.
social exchange pressures
Hugh Hartshorne and Mark May (1929) observed over 10,000 elementary and
high school students in a variety of situations that might have called for
prosocial behaviors. These
researchers found that prosocial behavior
most children was consistent from situation to situation
altruistic children was consistently high from situation to situation
anti-social children was consistently low from situation to situation
one situation was not strongly predictive of prosocial behavior in another
People in interdependent cultures are
more likely than Westerners to help out-group members
more likely than Westerners to engage in prosocial behavior
more likely to help in-group members, but less likely to help out-group
likely to engaged in heroic acts, but more likely to engage in sustained helping
Timothy just got into a big fight with his girlfriend as a result he is
in a bad mood. When Kate asks him
to contribute to her charity organization, Timothy readily agrees, which makes
him feel better. Timothy’s
behavior can best be explained by the
emotional inconsistency effect
negative-state relief hypothesis
norm of reciprocity
According to the bystander effect (Lantane & Darley, 1970), if you
just witnessed a mugging, you will be most likely to call for help if you
the sole witness
one of seven witnesses
in a good mood prior to the mugging
perceive yourself as similar to the victim
Andrea asks her friends to spread a nasty rumor about her opponent for
the office of class president to attempt to damage his reputation in the days
before the election. This is an example of
___________ is to instinct toward life as _____________ is to instinct
instrumental aggression; hostile aggression
_____________ is to neural cause of aggression as _______________
is to chemical cause.
testosterone; subcortical stimulation
evolutionary explanation; a biological explanation
Well controlled laboratory experiments and field studies have revealed
that alcohol consumption contributes to aggression by
reducing social inhibitions and restraints
decreasing frustration tolerance
Kristi has been very frustrated in her search for the perfect apartment
that costs next to nothing. According to frustration-aggression theory, what would most
likely increase the likelihood that Kristi’s frustration will lead to
Kristi finally admits that her expectations were unrealistic
Kristi realizes that the Apartment Finders are doing the best they can
perfect apartment burned down the day after she put down a deposit
delay is frustrating, but not unexpected; students are already back in town
Jim watches a heavy dose of violent TV cop shows.
Jim will be most likely to
indifferent when he hears a violent argument between his neighbors
become more aware of his own violent behavior and try to stop it
less likely to recognize his own feelings of aggression
become more upset when he sees aggression that is not fictionalized
According to the authors, when we are angry, it is best to
stifle those feelings to prevent further anger and aggression
make an assertive statement that we are angry and why
vent by ridiculing the source of our anger
distract yourself with something you enjoy
***KEEP THIS SHEET - you may record your multiple-choice answers on it to compare with the Answer Key after the test.
Write answers to these questions in your blue-book.
KEY TERMS & NAMES. Select 5. For each term, supply a
precise definition including the context and a clear example. For
each name, supply the context and 2 other pieces of information about that
person. (@ 3 points)
Communal Relationship Triangular Theory
Pluralistic Ignorance XYY
Comparison Level Relational Dialectics
Gain - Loss Theory Equity Theory
SHORT ANSWER. Select and answer 2 (@ 6 points).
1. Compare & contrast each pair by identifying 1 major similarity and difference:
A) Sternberg vs Ainsworth
B) Kuo vs Freud
C) Wilson vs Darley & Latane
2. From the lecture on helping in emergencies, identify any 4 specific factors that influence whether or not you will provide assistance to a stranded motorist, and briefly discuss each.
3. Use these 2 theories of interpersonal attraction to analyze Bill & Hillary Clinton's relationship: Equity Theory, and Investment Model. Do these 2 theories agree or disagree about their commitment to their marriage?
ANSWERS TO MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS:
1. B 2.
C 3. A
4. C 5. D
6. C 7. D
8. B 9. C 10. D 11. D 12. A 13. B 14. A
15. D 16. C 17. B 18. A 19. A 20. B 21. A
22. B 23. C 24. A 25. B